Camel milk is a particularly delicious dairy drink. There are many nutritional and health benefits touted for camel milk proteins and a number of peptides. Fermented camels milk is also of high therapeutic benefit being suitable as an antiallergenic and anti-autism product (Izadi et al., 2019).
The milk is attributed with antimicrobial, antioxidant, antiradical, antidiabetic, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitory, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, antiallergic, and anti-autism activities.
The most important bioactive compounds affecting health functions are some minerals (zinc and magnesium), vitamins (C and E), protective proteins (lactoferrin, lysozyme, and immunoglobulins), and antioxidant enzymes (glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase).
Bioactive peptides derived from Ca-M proteins during fermentation processes and hydrolysis reactions by proteolytic enzymes play protective roles for body cells through the release of amino acids such as proline.
In contrast with bovine milk, Ca-M has lower antiallergic effects due to the presence of immunoglobins and its protein (free of β-lactoglobulin) profile. The short- and long-term regular consumption of Ca-M because of the suppression of oxidative/inflammation stresses significantly improves diabetes and hypertension in adults and the behavioral of children with autism spectrum disorder.
Izadi, A., Khedmat, L., Mojtahedi, S.Y. (2019) Nutritional and therapeutic perspectives of camel milk and its protein hydrolysates: A review on versatile biofunctional properties. J. Functional Foods. 60 September 103441 (Article)