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What are Fats?

June 17, 2024 smitsa 0

Fats, also known as triglycerides, are a type of lipid and an important energy storage molecule in many organisms. They are composed of glycerol and […]

bacteriophages, virus


June 9, 2024 smitsa 0

Bacteriophages, often referred to as phages, are viruses that specifically infect and replicate within bacteria. The term “bacteriophage” originates from the Greek words “bakterion,” meaning […]

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May 13, 2024 smitsa 0

Beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) is a major whey protein found in the milk of mammals, particularly in cow’s milk. It belongs to the lipocalin protein family and […]

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Polyketide Synthesis

April 7, 2024 smitsa 0

Polyketide synthesis is a fascinating process, mainly occurring in microorganisms like bacteria and fungi, which produces a diverse group of secondary metabolites known as polyketides. […]

DNA. An article on topoisomerases. Synthetic mRNA.

The Role of DNA Topisomerases

June 16, 2023 smitsa 0

Topoisomerases are enzymes that play a crucial role in the maintenance and regulation of DNA structure and topology within cells. They are responsible for altering […]

Skin care products often contain ceramides.

Ceramides Are Interesting!

May 25, 2023 smitsa 0

Ceramides are a vital component of the skin’s barrier function and play a crucial role in maintaining healthy and hydrated skin. These lipid molecules, also […]

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Size-Exclusion Chromatography

May 11, 2023 smitsa 0

Size-exclusion chromatography (SEC), also known as gel filtration chromatography, is a widely used analytical technique in the field of biochemistry, biotechnology, and pharmaceutical sciences. It […]

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Protein Refolding

May 5, 2023 smitsa 0

Protein refolding refers to the process of restoring the three-dimensional shape of a protein that has been unfolded or denatured. Proteins are large molecules that […]

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The Shikimate Pathway

April 11, 2023 smitsa 0

The shikimate pathway is a critical metabolic pathway found in microorganisms, plants, and some fungi. It serves as the central route for the biosynthesis of […]

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The Function of Bradykinin

March 17, 2023 smitsa 0

Bradykinin is one of the plasma kinins along with kallidin. The name bradykinin is derived from the Greek word ‘bradys’ meaning slow and ‘kinein’ meaning […]

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The Pentose Phosphate Pathway

March 10, 2023 smitsa 0

The pentose phosphate pathway is a key pathway in metabolism that is used to synthesize nucleotides  NADPH and pentose sugars such as ribose-5-phosphate. It can […]